Showing posts with label Friendfeed.. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Friendfeed.. Show all posts

一月04,二千零一十八

A Decade of Silos Has Throttled Open Content Distribution

2018种社交媒体流是由内容筒仓驱动的

In the ten-plus years since I started this blog,one of the clearest trends on the Web has been for destination sites to want to control the user session and experience.In parallel,站点集中于从外部站点聚合内容或突出Web的最佳功能——作为过滤的传递,have struggled.很多人都走了。.

While significant efforts were made during the forging of Web 2.0驱动开放标准并允许数据从一个站点流到另一个站点,通过RSS,PubsubhubbubAtom,XMPP,or whatever your preference,在社交网站上,2018是一个更具挑战性的地方,一次写一次,到处出版。.

As I view the publishing space,我经常求助于四个大的挑战,一个平台必须为作者和读者取得成功:

1.Creation

一个平台,是为了照片吗? 一款图片分享应用,, 弗里克,, 谷歌照片,etc.)short updates ( 推特)长形(长形) 培养基,, Blogger,, 文字出版社,etc.)视频(视频) YouTube) or a mishmash of all ( Facebook,, Google+,etc.)needs to make it easy for the content creator to share what they want,以他们想要的形式,and have the output be what they intended.This is true whether we are talking about desktop or mobile creation..

2.Distribution

Once the content is created,它必须被送到某处。If you write a post and hit publish,人们是如何找到它的?Is it sent to a third party network where they are hanging out?它是通过电子邮件发送的吗?Do they get a notification on their phone?它是否沿着时间线流逝,因为他们有新的消费品吗?或者它只是另一个平面文件,waiting to be indexed by Google and other search engines??



三。Discovery

Readers want to find new content.他们寻求相关性,新鲜度,and community.这反映了 我在2009中突出的三个社交网站支柱,同时,读者也希望读者能从他们自己的喜好反映出有趣的观点。Like I'd predicted in 2006,, 网络已经成为一个分裂的地方,我们都聚集在一群志同道合的人身上,and disavow opposing views,but we still are eager to find more who reinforce our position.We still crave new friends and stories and we want to find them quickly..

那么,这些应用程序和网站在面对新的人和想法方面有多好的工作呢?Do they have an aggregated site with highlights and popular people or posts?Is there a place to find more obscure viewpoints and new voices??

4。消费

Since the smartphone revolution,kicked off by Blackberry and the iPhone and now led by Android,more people are constantly connected and reading news from their mobile devices.在许多国家,the mobile device is the only window to the Web.Does the content flow well for mobile consumption and new ways to navigate from screen to screen,更新更新?还是最适合平板电脑或平板电脑??

内容平台通常发生的是 content fills the available container.Twitter is a clear 140 or 280 characters.像脸谱网和谷歌这样的社交中心喜欢大型照片和简短的介绍。Instagram is all about the photo with a small description.Blogger and WordPress and Medium are as long as you want to go.我们必须考虑用户和屏幕是否保持一致。.

2009's promise of sharing everywhere wasn't meant to be..

我们已经从聚集流和共享Web中走过了漫长的道路。

随着内容开始在各种各样的社交网站上创建,聚合服务,如FrimFoIP帮助人们的流。Bookmark services like 美味的帮助人们拯救网络上的亮点,扩大世界的最爱。用户投票发帖 掘进机和他们一起度过 蹒跚行走.The most voracious consumers lived in Google Reader and didn't miss a single post from the RSS feeds they were subscribed to..

It was too good to last..

最大的社交平台并不只是简单地链接到外部网站。Facebook focused more on original content shared on the platform,with less priority given to send traffic off site.谷歌阅读器关机,and while Feedly其他人站了起来,the world of RSS never recovered.好吃死了。Digg is a shadow of itself.友谊饲料被淘汰了。林克河关闭了。社会中值闭包。.

In the wake of all these gateways' demise,taking content from the open Web and getting it in front of new viewers is more challenging.虽然我一直说你需要在用户那里,不能强迫他们来找你,what could be automated is now requiring manual intervention at practically every step..

Just What Am I Talking About??

阿尔法和欧米加,yin and yang of social outlets (for text,不管怎样,是脸谱网和Twitter。脸谱网更大,利润更大,但不要心烦意乱。People creating content for the Web also need to make sure that content fares well downstream on Facebook and Twitter.You can write it for the open Web,但是,您必须采取明确的行动来共享下游的内容,或者将自动化设置到任何一个站点,usually backed by RSS.At that point,你是否被发现,取决于每个站点的算法,which has leaned more in favor of implied interest rather than chronology of late - meaning you can see viral content from hours or days ago before you get the newest stuff..

在手机上,notifications are the holy grail of getting someone's attention.(See: 数字和通知的生命从2014)当有人发微博时,得到通知并不罕见。but it's very uncommon to ask for a notification when a site makes a post..

In parallel,the feedback loop from such networks,以及Instagram或其他,is near instant and acts as an incentive for the author to initiate their content on that silo natively.发布20推特风暴到Twitter,并立即开始看到那些喜欢和推迟。把故事写在脸谱网上,等待评论和评论。Post a news story or a blog post,and...等待。等候来访者 Google Analytics?Wait for the post to be shared downstream?Wait for the story to be indexed in Google News and search??

The elimination of Google Reader,FriendFeed,Digg作为Web内容的放大器,除了Facebook和Twitter的吸引注意力之外,网络作者更难获得可见性,而且他们没有将内容放入实时流。.

那么新流程是什么样子的呢??




2009,这对我来说似乎很容易。在博客上发表文章。RSS会把它送到FrADFESS和谷歌阅读器。FrADFESS将发布到Twitter。Twitter将发布脸谱网。然后我到处跑,回答他们的意见。( 更多关于2009的分布式会话

现在,I can still post on the blog.和 the RSS link is the same.我甚至在谷歌+上得到了一个小小的碰撞。 博客的页面自动添加我的内容.但是,为了确保我覆盖所有的基地,然后我再做一份 媒体内容相同,对于那些热爱自己的网站的人来说,和 我甚至在LinkedIn上找到了很好的约会,通过在他们的频道上制作同一内容的第三个帖子。It's a different audience,但是,如果在主题上,他们分享和参与。.

So that's three posts.与此同时,我还需要单独在脸谱网和Twitter上分享这个故事,希望有人会打破他们的消费流,并参与我的内容下游。.

It feels like more work to get less return.是的,我认识到有些人可能不想念FraveF进货因为他们从来没有用过。也许其他人认为Digg被ReDIT完全取代了,并获得类似的流量。其他人更喜欢黑客新闻。So aggregators do exist,显然,but hubs aimed at surfacing new content,as opposed to highlight content on the site and keeping readers there,have declined..

To properly make the Web as desirable and viable a platform for publishing,我们需要共同努力来解决分配和发现的差距,make content fantastic on mobile for creation and consumption,and allow for engagement that is as simple as a Like.. 我鼓掌(媒体开玩笑)媒体用掌声奖励用户的方法。,至少他们在尝试什么。我们都应该努力。.

188:对,我在谷歌工作。Sometimes,我帮助博主团队。我以前在谷歌上工作,在这些团队里还有很多朋友。我每天都想念谷歌阅读器。朋友也一样。.

09三月二千零一十五

FriendFeed's Closure Another Painful Loss from a Vibrant Era of Social Media

Amidst all the Apple watch hoopla today,FrimFIX的博客宣布长期被忽视的社交网络先锋 最终将被带出脸谱网辉煌的新校区,被好好地放下。.随着网络在后视镜中的五年的追捧,and user statistics consistently down,让曾经独特而充满活力的社区看起来只是时间问题,and the time has come..

The closure will be by no means without pain.对于很多人来说,网站是他们在网络上捕捉他们的更新的中心,from the simplest status and debates to photos,没有数据迁移或导出的提示。与世界各地的朋友们欢天喜地的话题即将消失。我孩子出生时的瞬间庆祝活动当朋友逝世,我们哀悼的绝望将被删除。.

虽然网络可能已经移动,those of us most loyal to the service remember its pioneering excellence,具有即时聚合和发布功能,近乎完美的正常运行时间,仍然是完全无与伦比的高级搜索能力,介绍现在通用的按钮,主题词“房间”很像今天的网络群体或社区,and ability to act as a hub for your lifestream,立即将正确的更新发送到正确的位置。.

Facebook's 2009 announcement of acquiring FriendFeed clearly spelled good news for the small and elite team working at the company,but pretty much spelled bad news for those who preferred itto what have clearly been the eventual winners in Facebook and Twitter.FielFo饲料的一些元素进入了脸谱网,但是从那时起就再也没有过类似的事情了。(Google Buzz came close,但这是另一回事)

2008和2009的社交网站的图片与现在的有很大的不同。Twitter was as known for its uptime issues as for its core functionality.Facebook was obviously on a fast ramp to going public,谷歌阅读器是通过RSS读取Web更新的起点,and we were all looking for smart aggregation sites to discuss the Web's happenings with friends..

向前闪动,谷歌Reader(RIP)和FielFig都在垃圾桶里,aggregation is no longer a thing,最热门的讨论是围绕好看的过滤应用程序或具有消失内容的私人网络。它使人感到有点内疚,因为投资于那些感觉更智能、设计用于智能消费和讨论的网络,而不是朝向最低公分母的飞行。.

Any ranting on my part to rescue my photos and posts and content from FriendFeed is a guaranteed moot point,并且将置之不理,毫无疑问。While Google led the way with the Data Liberation project,甚至脸谱网和Twitter都有你可以下载并随身携带的档案,FrADFESS从来没有迈出这一步,如果他们现在让我们吃惊的话,我会很震惊。当我们告别在几分钟内产生数以百计的评论和喜欢的对话时,it's almost as if we should feel lucky we squeezed out a few more years of engagement after the acquisition,当许多其他产品在购买后立即消失。.

叹息。.

如果你是活跃社区的一部分,那么在那些广袤的岁月里,FieldFi就变得特别了,你经历了一些我从来没有见过的社区(偶尔在Google+和Twitter上的闪光是例外)。If you missed it,然后你错过了一个最有才华的团队,他们在一起工作,既有趣又聪明。这个故事的最后一章来了,我们没有得到我们希望的幸福结局。I'm not mad,只是对可能发生的事情充满渴望。.

Long live FriendFeed..

九月04,二千零一十四

Striving for Streams of Serendipity or Inbox Zero??

没有人真正喜欢垃圾邮件-那些未经请求的商业电子邮件加入你的邮箱。他们打断你,分散你注意力,mislead you,or maybe worse - trick you into giving up your money or personal information.And over time,most email services have been pretty good at determining just what is spam,and what's not,while we,作为消费者,在我们所有的屏幕上精炼我们想要的内容be it our email box,or our social streams..

有了这个经验,我们现在所说的垃圾邮件不仅包含了明显的诈骗信息,但实际上,任何我们认为没有明确要求的事情,or surprises us.Most of us living in a social media powered world have taken a lot of effort to refine our content sources,to the right sets of blogs,以及社交网络上的合适的朋友群体。当我们登录到 推特,, Facebook,, Google+or anywhere else,we pretty much know what we're going to get..

许多这样的社交网络,dating back to the first blogs,按时间顺序排序,上面有最新的内容。经过一些努力,你可以快速扫描到你上次离开的地方,and feel complete.再也没有什么可读的了你可以继续做下一件事。这是对著名人物的一种评价。“零盒”,这说明你的任务已经完成。.

But increasingly,thanks to pressure to fill streams of less active users,或者增加普通用户的参与度,将未明确请求的内容推送到用户流中变得越来越普遍。这可以是“朋友的朋友内容,就像我们在2008年初看到的,FrADFESS首先介绍了这个特性,or more recently,items that your friends on Twitter have retweeted or favorited,that Google+ friends have +1'd or Facebook friends have Liked..


假设更多的信号传递给网络,关于你的朋友喜欢什么,更可能的是,这段内容也与你有关。这不一定是错的,但这是一种改变,unwelcome to people who like to perfectly curate their streams - while possibly exciting to those who do want to take signals from the network - believing they aren't the one perfect arbiter on whether an item is interesting or not..

2008,FriendFeed spoke to this change,saying,“我们的目标是让最有趣的共享项目更加突出,这样您的FriendFeed就有更高比例的有趣内容和活跃的讨论。“And it worked.如果我相信 +Paul Buchheit具有高质量的交互作用,I could be alerted to items on the stream that he had liked.但FieldFi也给了我关掉它的选择,and many people did..

In 2014,Twitter比六年前的FielFoD要大得多。这是一个世界公认的实时通信流,so their moves get a lot of attention.溪流中的每一个微小变化都被特别仔细地审视过。在已经理所当然地认为朋友的转发将被发送到我的流,偶尔会出现推特,simply because someone I follow added it to their favorites.毫不奇怪,这个实验,这很容易在他们的手机应用程序中发现,set the tech blog debates abuzz again - trying to figure out how it worked,and whether it was good or bad..


人们普遍认为,在用户流中添加内容对服务提供商是有利的。Twitter should see higher engagement,higher relevance and more clicks.For the OCD"In box zero"types,these serendipitous pieces disrupt their worldview,and,毫不奇怪,那些整天写科技和社交媒体的人比普通人更容易成为这种类型的人。.

什么时候? +Barak Hachamovand I were working on my6sense,我们是 更乐意根据你的活动和隐含的兴趣来排列社交流。.The solution,in my view,hasn't seen an equal,even in the three plus years it's been gone from consumer's hands.我们提供了一个基于相关性的流,随着你的兴趣发挥了巨大的作用,切换按时间顺序查看流,and yes,我们承诺偶尔会有意外的惊喜,让你摆脱知识的窠臼,这可能来自于相同想法的辩论和分享。.

Relevance vs Time in my6sense

我们从网上学到的是,我们倾向于吸引那些支持我们自己观点并同意我们的人。争论发生了,but we don't actively seek out opinions from those with opposing takes on political,religious or even sports.(2006)我写了这篇文章: 博客分叉——网络分裂) The Web,despite being especially diverse,导致我们形成集团,和朋友一起,with what we read,and where we choose to congregate.Our three social pillars are what I called out back in 2009: 技术,Community,Relevancy.Most of us active in social streams have bought into the technology,and crafted our community,assuming the community's thoughts are themselves relevant.通过看到新的内容,we immediately question its relevance..

对于95%的人来说,他们没有花费数百小时的时间来扫描他们的小溪,从不错过一个职位。and who haven't taken time to set up lists,表格圈,或者完全理解脸谱网共享设置,惊喜的偶然性和他们明确要求的一样重要。而我们科技边缘的人则对惊讶感到震惊,我们应该知道这是我们为了参与别人的流动而给予的东西。我唯一会问的是像朋友一样,我们总是有选择的权利,亲切地,能把东西关掉。然后我们都会幸福。.

Standard 188金宝博官网登录:我在谷歌的谷歌分析团队工作,提供谷歌+。来自谷歌合作伙伴的各种服务可以被假定为与Twitter和脸谱网的产品竞争。也,from 2009 to 2011,I had a consulting relationship with my6sense as part of my work with Paladin Advisors Group.188个有趣的娱乐是有趣的。.

十一月05,2013

狂热者和福音传道者:推动产品,乞求特色

There's a fine line separating an enthusiastic user from that of an evangelist,即使这两个术语经常被平等地扔掉。For as excited as a user may be about consuming your product or your ideas,it takes an extra level of effort - working as a partner,testing early versions of products,看看产品走向何方,才能真正成为福音传道者。爱好者通常是在接收端,消费者的利益,while the evangelist not only takes in the benefit of your work,but can help accelerate it..

Evangelists are often early adopters of your product,who have been converted to your story and ideas,and are willing to advocate on your behalf.一些面向消费者的顶级公司转向了家庭中的福音传道者,and their fingerprints are all over the successful growth of their customer base,and regularity by which their products are seen in the press,而其他人则依赖最终用户EvangStices将故事带到新社区。.

爱好者们,while excited about your product,are likely to be found breathlessly awaiting morsels of information,是谣言还是新闻。They may have their fingers on the buy button and refresh your product pages as they get ready to buy,and make cash available.他们辩论你的利益,乞求特征增强,but if their demands aren't met,他们会等到下一个,在你错的同行之间的争论,并提出为什么它可能是切换到竞争对手的高峰期。狂热者永远不是公司的雇员,though they may be close to the teams,在用户组中求爱,并提前获得项目以提供beta级反馈。.

Know最好的福音传教士

最著名的传教士在硅谷的传说中很有可能。 +盖伊·川崎,谁在 Apple在早期的麦迪时代,努力把Macintosh的故事带给开发者,学校和顾客随处可见。盖伊继续推销其他产品,including +Motorola Mobility,但他的苹果遗产仍然完好无损。最近,所做的工作 沙克汗for 斯波顿+ Thomas Meyerof Sonos put both those products on the map for me.在这两种情况下,Shak and Thomas delivered a 1:1 relationship with me as an early adopter,提供对产品的访问,关于改进的交易反馈and finding ways to get their services in the hands of new users..

理想的情形是告诉许多人说更多的话。.

The best evangelists can help to convert enthusiasts into evangelists.深入讨论 as the first stage of early adopter behavior,热情的人可以从你的工作中毕业,相反,作为一个无偿的倡导者为你的故事和你的想法——加速网络效应。As the 1:1 relationship at the initial touchpoint cannot scale past several dozen or even hundreds of top-tier influencers,one must hope that they evangelize on your behalf why your product is better,为什么你可以被信任来继续进行令人兴奋的新创新,或者,if you're behind in a certain area,为什么你可以指望弥合这些差距。.

看到潜力而不是问题

传教士可以坚定地相信产品的发展方向,并尽早购买,就像投资者能够看到潜在的公司并购买其股票一样。In 2010,, my move to Android from iPhonewas done at a time when the case could pretty easily be made that iOS' user experience was better and the list of applications available was longer.The debate as to which installed base was larger was also up for question.但我可以看到轨迹,and,我后来被证明是正确的,the applications caught up,the user growth accelerated,and in the minds of many,the user experience is equal,or at least arguable.Even from a point of perceived weakness,我坚信他们作为一个平台的选择是正确的。.

The same could be said for Spotify's 2009年初的早期试验.While iTunes was the big fish in the pond,Spotify changed the game for me almost overnight - and every online music service has followed their model,即使产品还没有正式运往美国,还有OCC

Crossing the chasm from enthusiast to evangelist is a lot like moving from a hobby to a religion.玩水是一回事,and quite another to commit.It's no surprise then,传教士最常与宗教机构联系在一起,并将人们转变为一种真正的方式。.

Like a good religious person,一个公开地谈论挑战性的部分,promising only purity and bliss.例如,在我写的2007篇文章中 +GigaOM,我强调five lesser-known tips for being an Apple fanboy".第一规则?“Never admit fault with Apple around non-Mac people.“让反对者使用一种武器来对付你从来都不是一个好主意。宁可默默忍受,或者悄悄地找一个同伴来帮助你解决问题,而不是公开地成长。皈依福音的人也一样。最好把产品问题报告给公司或他们的代表,or a fellow user than to complain publicly.显然,发烧友们没有这种束缚,因为他们都急于打破你的产品,告诉世界你做错了什么。.

我父亲让我相信坏消息比好消息传播得快得多。一个经验不好的人会告诉七个人,and a person with a good experience will tell three.这需要更高比例的正交互作用,并使这一成功成为可重复的。But while an enthusiast will share the good news and the bad news at equal volume,传教士只会放大好消息,并不断在后台工作,解决不良故事。不是盲目,but discretion..

Especially in the fickle world of consumer marketing and outreach,you need to find evangelists,谁会找到你的狂热者。If your product can't convert people to share your story,你的故事可能不是那么好。Your service has to be that much better that an early adopter or evangelist will take that bet and invest their time and effort to tell your story - like I did with FriendFeed and Google Reader years ago,后来Spotify和SoOSO,现在有像ChromiOS这样的伟大故事,我坚信这是未来的平台。像Shak、盖伊和托马斯这样的人是稀有的,但它们可能是加速你的火焰进入地狱的加速器。.

常用的188种方法: 我在谷歌工作。.Google is the proud owner of Android and ChromeOS,当然。我们还让谷歌播放音乐全部访问,an assumed competitor to Spotify.Any bias is my own and I'm not speaking on behalf of Google at the moment..

7月11日,2013

你有你的技术程序。But It Will End..

1995,大学新生卡尔,我正在和我的朋友迅速交易电子邮件。UCLA在激烈的谈话中,hitting"检查邮件“inEudora ,最终改变我的设置,自动检索电子邮件每分钟。One of my roommates,讨厌我的行为,suggested I just pick up the phone and call him instead.但我没有。

Obviously,in the near twenty years since,I have expected my messages to come in practically instantly,并立即得到我的注意-所以我在上面。但将来可能会有一天,如果你能想象的话,where I send my very last email.For just as we've"总是“做一件事并不意味着我们永远都会。The pace of tech,改变生活方式,实际指挥适应。.

切换到一个单独的电子消息刺激管道,we're nearly a decade deep into the hyperconnected social media phase.We're long past the time for education and evangelism,for the most part,在博客上,social networking,tweeting,and YouTube - and you've got routines..

虽然不是每个人都使用所有的服务,and different people have different approaches,你们当中有很多人无法想象用不同的方式做事。停止你一直在做的事情。You can't imagine never tweeting again.你无法想象永远不会去办公室 四方的 when you arrive at work,也许你甚至都不记得上次吃午饭的时候没有拍过照片 一款图片分享应用 Foodspotting ..

但一切都会结束。.



我经常这样想,especially as I've reduced pace here...what would my last blog post say?我怎么知道我已经完蛋了?我会从档案中的数千个帖子中走出来的原因是什么?我真的可以关闭我的吗? 推特 account,或者删除我的 Facebook ,or even FriendFeed ??

这也适用于离线活动。在我最近的收养中 菲比特 ,和经常散步,以保持我的步数高,I think about how long I'll keep the routine.Will this be the last night I'm walking around the block to get a few thousand steps in,为了明天,我会回到电视机前,having let my Fitbit power down??

On other occasions,the choice is seemingly made for you.2009,我曾经说过I wouldn't stop using Google Reader every day,即使你付了我25美元,000 .我猜这个笑话是关于我的,当然-因为在我加入谷歌之后并不是那么久,是的,读者关闭,and I've turned toFeedlyto get all my RSS feeds instead.所以在我的控制之外,one day,我打开谷歌阅读器的惯例已经不复存在了。If Reader had remained,I'd probably be in my same routine,就像我以前那样,消费内容与共享,just like I've been doing for about six years..

与此同时,the removing of Google Reader,and yes,Google Buzz before that even,meant ranking my social content in my6sense 不再需要,所以我发现我上周从手机上删除了那个应用程序。despite our history..

Even when it's not the company or the service shutting down,这可能是一个简单的衡量你的优先级,你从应用程序看到的好处。在过去的几个月里,I've thought about this a lot,正如我在大广场和小广场的四方形, for the important travels and the mundane ..

我真的是一个手工制作的英雄吗?不。最后徽章。...

While my badges and points racked up,the real world benefits were exceptionally rare.我见过几个人,省了几块钱,but today,我删除了我的帐户。No drama.Just decided I was done.That should save a few power bits on my phone,and a few minutes of each day..

尽可能多地发挥早期采纳者的作用,充分利用每一项服务,I believe we're well past the mania time of social networking,服务和应用程序。Being on a platform isn't the same as using the platform well.如果你找不到可测量的或情感的价值来参与一个地方,there's no harm in calling it quits - or continuing to have your eyes open for what's next,so you don't find yourself entrenched in the way things have always been,而错过新的体验。.

有时这意味着永远不要加入,analyzing what you've seen and deciding if that makes sense for you.虽然我是Burbn的早期试用用户,I never got an Instagram account,我活着。我从未进入 GetGlue ,不会。我从不喜欢 Turntable.调频 ,我从来没有做过 阅后即焚 .Maybe it's the graying hairs on my head,, 或接近40比30 ,but I know time is valuable..

Someday all of this will stop,and when I pick up my head from the computer monitor,will I feel as if I've missed something,或者我会对我所做的事情感到满意吗??

188金宝博官网登录 and Disclaimers: 对,, 我在谷歌工作,in the Developer Relations team .这篇文章不是为了代表他们,或者是为了他们的服务而不是我刚才提到的那些。obviously..

June 17,2013

Video: How Startups Can Raise Their Visibility Seed Round

Startup success takes more than sharp vision and smart code.Early adopters of your product,along with excited press,bloggers and engaged social users spreading the word can mean the difference.三月下旬,I gained the opportunity to present to Devoxx France,在巴黎,and talk about how startups can find these early first users,如何与顶级媒体取得良好的关系,并尽可能使用所有渠道。.

许多例子对于188位读者的长期读者来说是熟悉的,highlighting companies launched here,from Feedly,, 我们想让Toluu,我最喜欢的一些产品,喜欢 FriendFeed,, 背书式Google阅读器.今天的视频刚刚上线。Hope you find it useful..

October 01,2012

友谊饲料5。The One-Time Pioneer Is Still Here..

五年前的今天,a small aggregation startup called FriendFeed opened its doors,在贝塔,对那些想把来自不同服务的所有更新都带到一个地方并跟随朋友的早期采用者感兴趣。As was evident from initial coverage of the site from outlets such as the New York TimesTechCrunch,what grabbed attention as much as the product itself was its founders - a group of four former Googlers who had made their name on products like GmailGoogle Maps..

After an admitted slow start,the product gained incredible attention 来自硅谷通过2008,随着团队的扩展和功能的推出有规律性,包括发射“Like"按钮,这成为标志性的行动。 Facebook,the company's eventual acquirer,a pioneering approach to real-time,and many other aspects which have shown challenging for other startups,including photo display,topical rooms,participation by email and more.到2009年8月,首次发射后不到两年, FiFFEW被脸谱网吞没了。,而且工地上的工作基本上停止了。现在在2012,, FrFFED最初12名员工中有三分之二人离开了脸谱网,and yet somehow,the site is still up - despite 偶尔停运..

既然我们有回头看的好处,FielFig是脸谱网的一部分,比独立公司的寿命要长得多,it is worth reviewing why the company was significant,相对于当时的许多其他创业公司,为什么人们会继续使用这项服务,even as alternatives to take one's time on the web sprout constantly.Also -- keep in mind I am speaking as an individual,不是谷歌公司,and this is no reflection on any of Google's products....


好老朋友,列表中,房间,Likes,评论,Photos and Search

FrADFESS承担了具有挑战性的问题,这里有10个问题。.

1.快速聚集

The first challenge for FriendFeed to approach was the retrieval of near real-time aggregation from the Web's many services,不断寻找网站上的更新 弗里克对于照片,部落格博客, 推特for Tweets,and YouTube for your shared videos.假设你在别处做了一项活动,它会立即出现在你的饲料上。Initiatives that helped this included their own 简单更新协议(SUP)胡言乱语..

2.互动-呈现类似

第二个挑战是从一个强调其他地方活动的网站转变成一个蓬勃发展的社区。A feed of all your friend's activities could be hollow without your ability to interact.That was solved with three steps - the first being a bookmarklet that let you share content from other sitesdirectly to FriendFeed,the second being the introduction of commenting and liking articles shared by your friends,and the third,the ability to add a status update directly to the site - which converted from just a catch-all for content started elsewhere to a starting point for new conversations..

Nowadays,the like button is so closely associated with Facebook that it's assumed to have been born there.然而,它是友谊饲料,在一种经常发生的趋势中,是谁发起的,只是被模仿得很快。.

三。Search With Brains

The third challenge was 递送智能搜索.有谷歌的背景,it was assumed when FriendFeed would deliver search,一切都会好起来的,他们没有失望。Their advanced search lets users find comments and posts from specific people,所有的朋友,或者来自每个人。它可以让你搜索内容的类型或任何组合。随着Twitter仍然无法产生任何历史的搜索引擎,FrutFIX的搜索存档对于上个月以来在社交领域发表的文章来说仍然是有价值的。.

4。Organizing Your Friends

The fourth challenge was helping users organize friends into lists.As is seen with Google+circles and Facebook lists,sorting people into smaller groups is important and challenging.. FriendFeed introduced lists in August of 2008,which let people not only put people in the right buckets,but take especially noisy people off their main stream -- extremely helpful.这也传递了什么 TechCrunch称之为“fake follow"“..

5.实时内核

The fifth challenge?Moving away from a load and refresh model to one of real time.新内容的概念从页面顶部流入,而对话把评论反馈到页面的顶部,FrimFIPS就有了实时性。Combine that with advanced search,and realt-time search on FriendFeed became the place to gather for 突发新闻事件,像苹果基调..

6。Topical Rooms

挑战号六。..提供让共享兴趣的人参与的主题房间,采用粒度共享模型,so rooms could be public,私人的,或者适度。This could be as simple as a room for intranet-like discussions,组织本周扑克锦标赛,or to debate politics endlessly with friends and foes..

7。Smart Display of Photos,视音频

课文很简单。Getting photos and other rich media is hard.Twitter花了好几年的时间从一个只有文本的网站(有链接)到一个嵌入图像的网站。Even then,它们是一个点击。FrimFESS使共享多张照片变得容易,or even embed Mp3s so your friends could listen on the site.来自YouTube和其他服务的股票,像Vimeo,could be easily viewed and detected by the service..

8。股票选购

不是每个人的职位都是金子。This is not a surprise.FrimFESS使它可以隐藏所有来自特定服务的更新,or people,or any combination.If your buddy who writes a great blog tweets too much,FrADFESS给你一个解决方案。这在大多数地方仍然是一个挑战。.

9。Posting from Email or Mobile

Thanks in part to outside developer Gary Burd,后来被雇佣,用户可以通过向电子邮件地址发送更新来向FrADFESS发送邮件。Attached photos were attached to the post itself.Very clean.The site also had an iOS-friendly version at http://www.友谊饲料。com/iphone它在一个4英寸的屏幕上工作得很好。.

10.Embedding On Other Sites

虽然不用一吨,you could embed FriendFeed conversations and feeds on external blogs or websites.在一个地方进行对话,想在其他地方展示吗?FriendFeed let you do that.Most social services have widgets,但可以作为链接返回到原始源的限制。FrADFIPS更便携。.

These innovations,除了一个不断壮大的忠诚社区,had us hoping FriendFeed could cross the chasm and reach a wide audience超越我们那些以技术为中心的人。有趣的是,many of the conversations evolved as users of the platform talked less about startups and platforms,并让这个网站成为孩子们拍照的地方,silly memes,还有美食的照片。.

当别人没有的时候,它就没睡了。

At a time when Twitter was as known for its fail whale as anything else,FriendFeed refused to crash.这个团队已经学会了如何调整产品的规模,即使在峰值负载下,懒散的行为实际上是不存在的。Only in the seemingly annual event of datacenter failures,由于遗弃大约三年而最终腐烂,has seen the product unavailable.事实上,as the legend tells it,在2009年收购中签约的警告之一是,联合创始人之一的妻子要求FriendFeed作为独立服务无限期地保持活力——这已经发生了。.

那么现在呢??

The 初始肠扭动反应对于我们这些人来说,参与FrimFIFE规则的人是一个不信任和悲观主义者,that the pace of innovation and open behavior the small startup had was going to become opaque post-acquisition.假设社区内的关系会消失。在购买后不久,你开始看到一个又一个工程师会离开Facebook开始做其他事情或者只是休息的新闻。.

There is no question the acquisition of FriendFeed by Facebook was a lucrative one for its employees,and particular its cofounders and earliest hires.同时 最初的价格没有记录,脸谱网价值的加速,recent events notwithstanding,使购买印象深刻。Split among a dozen employees and a minor investment from Benchmark,and you can see they did well.最初在FrADFESS中的功能后来转向脸谱网,for the most part,and the team dispersed to various corners of the social monolith..

Of the 12 employees at time of acquisition,4人仍在脸谱网任职,including Ben Golub,Casey MuellerSanjeev Singh和都铎·博斯曼。Ana Yang Mueller上周离开了,following the arrival of her first child.前脸谱网CTO和FrimeFiver Bret Taylor最近离开了to launch another startup.Jim Norrisanother cofounder,is at AeroFS.Dan Hsaio left.Ben Darnell,at Facebook for about half a second,is at 滴管,接下来是实验室和后来的AOL。Kevin Fox is at 电动小鬼.Paul Buchheit is at Y组合器.加里伯德 left 2 months after the acquisition,preferring not to telecommute from Seattle..

Given the array of places these folks have gone after Facebook,很明显,顶尖人才找到了最重要的角色。The FriendFeed team was ahead of its time in a number of ways in developing what it did at the pace it did - even offering up a changelog to show checkins to the site,它更新得很快。The site turned out a community which I've watched stay fairly solid,despite the neglect,一个从网络移动到网络的人。2009年底,I even said 如果我是网站上唯一剩下的人,我会从FoalFo饲料中找到价值。.牢记谷歌+两年后首次亮相,and that's where many similar interactions take place today,但当时,这是真的。.

在数以千计的博客文章中,我加入了这个网站,我已经覆盖了上百种独特的服务。有一些非常明显的创新,激励着真正的社区,他们要求忠诚就像朋友一样。For those who opted out of the FriendFeed experience,you missed out.For those still hanging on,也许是集体拥抱的时候了。小团队完成了不可思议的工作,and surprisingly...它还在这里。I wonder if it will stay on another five years..

完整的188I work at Google and work with the Google+ team through Developer Relations.I am good friends with multiple former FriendFeed employees on the list.我们是蓓蕾,essentially..

2月19日,2012

It's Not Social If You're Not Engaging

这意味着什么?“社会化”或与人在线交流,including family,closest friends and colleagues,但是陌生人呢?共享社交链接吗?告诉别人你在哪里还是你吃什么?正在展示你孩子的社交照片吗?它可以是-也可以不是。当你与他人交往,通过分享和交互超越行为本身来提供价值时,行动就变成了社交活动。This is something that's often missed..

Google+旨在帮助你在线做你已经离线的事情-分享故事,交换笑话和链接,闲逛,分享照片和视频,与不同的人群。当然,如果你喜欢,你也可以随时公开分享。让每个进入你的内容的人都能看到并参与其中。.

随着社区的发展,both offline and online,派系和派系出现了。You can see it in small groups,like family reunions or church events,或者臭名昭著的高中。Google+ is no different.As people post fast and engage fast,感情可能受到伤害,人们误解了你的意思,假设某事不真实,或者仅仅根据一个评论来标记你。It takes effort to move past that and not let those perceived slights take hold.It also takes effort to make sure you're contributing beyond your initial share.

毫不奇怪,I often get questions about what it takes to"“社会化”并获得可见或至少,不觉得被忽视,on a network like Google+ or a blog.我写了一些这样的方法 谷歌上发现的10大方法 http://oo.gl/LyzJ1 ) and in July's 秘密10步给好社会指南 http://oo.gl/12drA )but the most critical part of being social is to be yourself and do what comes naturally..

我与你签订的社会契约如下:

1.我将永远分享内容,我认为你会发现有趣的。.

Not every share is for everyone,and if you're not using circles,instead sharing publicly,毫无疑问,不是每个人都有你的利益。I share what I think is interesting to a good chunk of you,which probably hasn't already entered your view..

2.I will always give you the benefit of the doubt - at least twice.:)

Sometimes,people are out to be trolls.但是,因为你不总是同意我,不会把你放在我的坏名单上。Even if you say something cross to me or someone I know well,I'll do my best to figure out why that is and I'll engage with you to see if the problem can be cracked.But if you keep going,那些消极的经历并不是我想成为我生活的一部分。.

三。I will make every attempt to engage with you - no matter your visibility..

你会发现谷歌+(和其他地方)的人在评论中做得不好。提及或在网络中的其他地方行动。如果有的话,我可能过度参与。我总是参与评论流,well beyond my own feed,当你对我说话时,我会尽力去寻找,不管你有100万个追随者还是1个。.

4。I am always smiling,just like my avatar..

Take yourself too seriously and you lose.我玩得很开心,and that means hanging out with people around the world,sharing music that I enjoy,张贴我的孩子们的照片,讽刺和幽默。当我在这里不再开心的时候,I should quit..

5.我不会受责备的。.

如果你发现我连续发布太多的谷歌+中心的帖子,apologies in advance.We're just updating so frequently,仅仅停留在事情上面是必要的。But I haven't changed from the same guy who many of you have known for years.我仍然关心棒球和电子音乐,晦涩的琐事,谷歌公司外的电视和科技。So if you follow me,期待更多。.

Hitting 100,000 people having me in circlesis pretty cool.这是一个很大的数字,and probably my last big number for a long time.After all,我不在推荐的用户列表中,这意味着你是通过口碑或者我带来的内容来找到我的。It's almost 500% what I've seen from推特超过4年,超过600%的订户FriendFeed.但是想想看,我们只在这里呆了不到240天,so this place is growing pretty fast.What's next for Google+ and for all of us?你得等着瞧,但现在你有更多的暗示,你会从我这里得到什么。.

To the next 100,000..

/via My Google+ Profile..

December 22,二千零一十一

Social Networking With Strangers

There's a well-known saying attributed to the poet and playwright 叶芝:"这里没有陌生人;Only friends you haven't yet met.““

As social networking has evolved to encompass a significant amount of people's time on the Internet,divergent approaches to friending and following,公开分享和有选择地共享已经出现。Some networks have a solely synchronous relationship,其中债券可以单方被个人打破,但必须由一个发起,另一个接受,而另一些则是异步的,意思是你可以遵循你公开提供的内容,即使你没有明确批准。.

主要依靠同步关系的两个最著名的社交网络是 FacebookLinkedIn,preceded by sites like Friendster聚友网.In September,, 脸谱网推出“订阅feature,异步的,但被认为是““朋友”,连接必须是相互的。LinkedIn的连接也是相互的。.

其他服务,including,最值得注意的是,, 推特,而且 FriendFeedGoogle+,have used asynchronous relationships.对于Twitter和FieldFig,任何进入你的内容的人,是否直接跟随你,or discovering it through search or friend recommendations,could respond to it via a Like,反驳,a Comment or Share.The same is true for public posts on Google+,当在谷歌上共享有限的圈时,减少了你显式选择的那些可见性。.

课程公开:我在产品营销团队 Google+,和 joined in August.Comments I make about the service and other social products are done with the best of intentions to be fully accurate.)

那些你不明确知道或有一个相互关系的人可以参与你的内容会是一个惊喜,or even unnerving,to some users.虽然Twitter已经看到用户跟踪数字跳马进入数万甚至数百万的名人,not all have embraced the interest of being followed by the masses,who are often simply people interested in you or your content,不一定是坏演员。Not blurring the lines of a"“朋友”,推特称之为“追随者“,while FriendFeed calls these people"用户“,联系个人与内容之间的联系,不一定是你。.

用于异步模型的那些用于与陌生人连接,while others used to a synchronous model are often quite verbal about what is perceived as an onrush of random connections.由于谷歌+已经在市场上大约六个月,many users have been quite surprised at the high number of people who have them in circles,and I've seen some say they block those they don't know.But as someone who has engaged in both models,the value comes from learning who sees your content,and what that means - especially on a network like Google+,在那里你可以微调什么内容到达哪些人。.

这些人跟踪我是谁?( 通过社会统计

For me,我在社交网络上互动的绝大多数人是我第一次通过网络认识的人。我已经开始了巨大的现实生活中的友谊,开始仅仅是一种在线关系,通过阅读彼此的博客,留下评论,跟踪Twitter上的人 Google阅读器,或者其他任何地方。我现在在谷歌的很多同事都是我多年前通过FieldFi知道的人。Twitter and their blogs,helping me continue the conversation when we finally met,而不是开始寒冷。.

不是所有的在线关系后来变成现实生活的关系,当然,and not everything you share should reach everyone,尤其是你不太了解的人。.

On Twitter,如果有人跟着你,你的饲料是公开的,your content is shared with them.The exception is when you may be doing @replies to a person they don't follow as well.在Twitter上分享你认为你所有的追随者都会看到的东西是有意义的。.

论脸谱网,您的公开共享内容可供您的朋友和订阅您的公共内容的用户使用。有选择地分享,, choose one of the lists you have created.跟随你的陌生人不应该接触到这个内容,所以如果你使用列表,你就有过多分享的风险。.

谷歌+,你公开分享的内容可供所有有圈圈的人使用,任何人浏览你的个人资料或任何与你的内容有直接联系的人。分享你的内容而不接触陌生人,您有多种选择,including sharing to any individual,任何圆圈,to all your circles,or even extended circles,到达所有你跟随的人和他们跟随的人。You can share as widely or as thinly as you like,保持你的内容安全。.

The goal is to share the right content with the right people.你可能不认识的人加上你,他们选择了你的公共内容,再也没有了。他们没有任何额外的接触你的联系信息,照片或股票,就像脸谱网和FrimeFig一样,您可以调节流中的任何注释,删除垃圾邮件或其他不必要的反馈。.

新人们要求获得你的公共股份没有坏处,even if you don't know them yet - and you just might be surprised about the relationships you build in the future.The requirement on your end,在任何服务上,and trust me,我已经尝试了所有这些,就是知道你在分享什么,和谁分享。It's our job,and those of other products on the web,to make this simple and easy..

You can connect with me on Google+ by going to http://www.louisplus.通用域名格式.Howdy,stranger..

十一月01,二千零一十一

谷歌阅读器进化,Gets Tighter With Google+

This afternoon saw 谷歌阅读器的更新交付that brought the product's design in line with Google's simplified look across many properties,并支持共享 Google+.With the launch,我在8月下旬到达谷歌后不久就参加了the dedicated friending/following network within Reader,and dedicated shared link blogs from Reader,were shut down..

This last bit has gained the majority of feedback as users anticipated the changes in the last week-plus since the preannouncement,and impacts some of the most active users,我自己也包括在内。但是如果一个人解除了不愿意改变的直接反应,the product's direction was telegraphed as Google has promised an evolved product experience,, regularly adds features to Google+recently announced the planned wind-downof Google Buzz,which was closely tied with Reader's existing commenting model..

在讨论这些变化时,我走的是一条尊重的细线 从产品创始团队到谷歌阅读器的巨大努力和核心工程师在过去的五年中,同时也认识到了它在我目前专注于员工的产品中的作用。作为用户,在过去的十年中,我花了更多的时间和更多的忠实于谷歌阅读器,而不是网络上的任何其他产品。with the only possible notable exception being a web browser,either Safari or Chrome..

In the last month,我继续通过读者曲解,在新的界面中。.

At various times,I've said I'd give up my Gmail before Reader.两年前我甚至写过一篇博客文章 I wouldn't accept $25,000现金放弃读者.这是因为读者为我找到了一个中心角色,以集中的方式从网络上找到所有的更新。让我分享我最好的下游网络。在过去的岁月里,正如你在这里看到的,I've rallied for feature adds to Reader,突出了产品的生态系统,from ReadBurnerRSSmeme,, Feedly,, Toluu,和 my6sense..

我的读者生活中的一天,Graphed

你不能成为比我更大的信息发现和消费迷。unless your name is Marshall Kirkpatrick.但有一点需要注意的是,自从我第一次开始对聚合器进行口水流以来,网络发生了很大的变化。 FriendFeedand Google Buzz,而在2008引发生命的共享物品跟踪器普遍死亡。用户已经投票在网络上与社交网络共享。 推特,, Facebook,, LinkedInGoogle+,and the new additions to Reader make that easier..

Sharing from Google Reader to Google+ Includes Circles and Commentary

I've personally been using the new Reader,或者靠近它的东西,一个多月,and every time I'd log into the existing version,差异显著。改变是艰难的,但像一个新发型或新的家庭家具,it grows on you.现在,instead of sharing 10 or so items a day to the anonymous group of people following me in Reader,我有选择地分享较少,以及更为有针对性的圈圈在谷歌+我用手工建造。如果这个项目对一个更广泛的群体来说是有趣的,I share it to Public.( 更多关于谷歌+的提示

Since the launch this afternoon,I am already seeing a lot more items shared to Google+ from others in my circles,有趣的是,他们是如何适应新的功能的,even though others are more wary about the changes.正如Alan Green在本周和最后的博客文章中所概述的,谷歌承认这些变化并不意味着新产品对所有用户都是完美的,and the tools are there to let you take your data with you.但我希望人们确实看到利用读者作为智能RSS订阅引擎的价值,并有选择地分享给谷歌+圈。几股之后,它变成了第二天性,and the world could surely benefit from a streamlined social experience.信任团队正在倾听来自各个角落的所有反馈。It's a privilege to have an impact on a product that has played so large a role for me for so long..

7月11日,二千零一十一

警告!社会网络是由人组成的!!

经历过兴衰的 FriendFeed,缓慢上升然后迅速加快 推特,和“not quite right for this world"首次和随后的解雇 Buzz,我几乎觉得自己是个灰蒙蒙的社交网络老手。(但是 不要说专家,因为这遭遇了厄运的凝视)现在DigeRATI和他们的扩展圈正在寻找他们的出路。 Google+and poking the system for cracks,learning what works and what doesn't,and counting each others' numbers,we're in reruns over people deciding what activity should or should not be permissible.And once again,the tools are always there to help the user deal with something that isn't a perfect match for their interests..

如你所知,我偏向于有能力学习我的兴趣的系统,告诉我我想看到什么,while avoiding that which I don't.It's what my6sense都是关于以及为什么我尝试过不公平的个性化工具。But barring these systems,人们需要理解,你可能发现的内容不是你想要的,你应该继续前进——甚至在像谷歌+这样的新式系统中,根据他们分享的内容围绕人们or the content you want to share them,is a major defining feature..

正如上周在我严肃而略带舌头的指南中提到的“ 提供良好的社会“,你应该两者兼而有之证明你是一个“人”while also"学习社区(points 6 and 7 for those keeping track).这是我早先体验到的FrimFIVEL,2008,as sharing my family as part of my online personae became a defining element.当我花了几天或几个星期不更新孩子的时候,或者图片和视频,我会得到各种私人信息(或公共信息),要求我提供更多的信息。所以我不道歉偶尔的婴儿照片或家庭更新,悄悄进入我以技术为中心的饲料。.

Bindu Yesterday on Google+,论她饲料的幸福

The thing about social networks is that they are built out of people.这让愤世嫉俗者说:““ 你就是产品“,in essence,他们是对的。Social networks are simply tools and systems configured to help you get in touch with or update your connections in simple ways or innovative ways.I would no sooner ask my friends to stop talking about movies and television or sharing their favorite recipes as I would tell them how to dress or wear their hair.如果有太多胡说or silliness at a certain time or with a certain group,I know that things will return to the mean..

Did Somebody Ask for Baby Photos?干得好。.

In the early days of Google+,很多话题都是关于谷歌+的。理论上,这也有点正常。那些献给顶尖小贴士的帖子,如何,或者简单地重复谷歌更新,是网络中最共享的。人们抱怨““元”感觉这带来了。But Twitter has been the same way.Twitter上的推文被转发。FriendFeed posts about FriendFeed got engagement.社交网站喜欢倾听自己的声音,人们喜欢积极的鼓励,告诉他们已经做出了正确的决定,把时间花在一个地方或另一个地方。.

And as soon as the"嘿!We're here!“磨损,then will come the sharing of real world activities,just like real people,安顿下来并使用他们设计的工具。这意味着猫的照片,baby pictures,食物射击,glamor pics,电视评论,and Justin Bieber.处理它。Some of the pure tech followers will grimace,but hope is just a mute button or a reassignment in Circles away.至少像FielFig这样的产品,谷歌+ Facebook给你选择隐藏特定更新的选项,whereas with Twitter you pretty much get all of it or none of it..

在谷歌的蜜月期,you are going to see a tug of war of sorts between those people who can't wait for the masses to be invited in,还有那些害怕它的人。Like every social situation,those who were there first will feel an air of superiority over the newbies,and the newbies will change the network to fit their own interests.It's the way of the world.谷歌+是为你准备的,as people come in and you assign them appropriately,工具即将来到脸谱网,以同样的方式自动分类用户。.

MyLikes CEO Bindu Reddy,(Standard disclosure: 我是MyS喜欢的顾问微笑着,毫无疑问,said"Beginning to see some cat pictures in my feed already...接下来的婴儿:)“ 昨天早上,a sure sign that people were settling in.这是件好事。什么时候? 我和家人分享了一张星期日晚上野餐的照片。,however,一个不太开心的用户向我挑战,saying,“这不适合你的家庭圈子吗?Just asking...“当我说我不同意的时候,他回答说:“Then you are misusing Google+.别误会我,your twins are cute and everything,but I'm only interested in your tech related posts..And you could spare me,and others,the effort to mute this kind of posts.““

哦不!有人认为我用谷歌+错了!!

Having been through this before,it doesn't bug me.我认为他错了,and he can't force me to put pictures of my kids in a secret place that only my family and closest friends can see.有些时候,一些股票将进入一个有限的圈子,但其他时候,这是给每个人的。Similarly,我创立了一个叫做“故事圈子”的传统传统。 正如读写网所指出的这鼓励人们分享一个关于个人的故事。我在FrADFIX上做了同样的事情( then called #SaturdayFF).I may stay awake to stupid hours and read and share my unfair percentage of content,but I am not a robot,我不希望表现得像一个人。So if you are investing your time in a social network that is made out of people,你应该期望人们表现得像人一样。如果你不能处理真实的人,那么你可能需要调整你的期望值。.

当然,with leaderboards debuting,和数字跳跃几乎每个人,人们很容易忽略人们为什么参与这些地方,避开统计会话的真实对话。但不管我的号码是多少,I will continue to be human,希望你也这样做。If I don't like what you share,你可以肯定我会把你移走,我希望你也会这样做,但是攻击人类是为了让每个人都更加孤独。.

188:我是一个没有报酬的顾问,我有一个小股权。我是市场营销部副总裁。也,主图像是 via Wikia.com,可以在这里找到..